Ranchi Municipal Corporation (RMC) was established on 15th September 1979 vide. Government
Notification No. 1406 by merging erstwhile Ranchi Municipality, Doranda Municipality and
Ranchi Doranda Joint Water Board. It is the second Municipal Corporation of erstwhile Bihar and
the first Corporation in the state of Jharkhand. With 55 administrative Wards, the corporation’s
jurisdiction extends over an area of 175.12 sq.
RMC is governed by the Ranchi Municipal Corporation Act, 2001.
The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act (1992) has delegated the primary responsibility for
urban management to urban local bodies / Governments. Unfortunately, the devolution of
powers to ULBs has been very protracted. Like many other ULBs, there has been no real
devolution of powers and functions to the RMC.
The main functions of the RMC as defined under Section 63 and 63 A of the RMC Act, 2001 are as follows:
i. Provision of sanitation facilities.
ii. Supply of water.
iii. Construction of Roads, Drains, etc.
iv. Provision of Urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds, markets,
bus tempo stands, etc.
v. Administering Central and State Government Urban Poverty Alleviation (UPA) Schemes.